Document Detail

Isolated vs. complex exercise in strengthening the rotator cuff muscle group.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14971969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to compare 2 different training modes in improving shoulder cuff muscular performance. Thirty-nine participants were randomly assigned into 3 groups: the isolated group exercised using 2-kg dumbbells; the complex group used a protocol with complex exercises; and the control group had no training. All participants trained for 6 weeks (3 times per week) and were evaluated isokinetically before (pretest) and after the training period (posttest). Results showed that the complex group significantly improved their muscular performance, but the isolated group did not, indicating that isolated exercises are only effective when the training goal is to strengthen the weaker muscle group, but they must be replaced by more complex and closed-kinetic exercises in order to obtain considerable improvement of the rotator cuff strength. The authors propose that a strengthening program should start with isolated movements for better stimulation of the weaker muscles and continue with complex exercise for more impressive strengthening.
Konstantinos Giannakopoulos; Anastasia Beneka; Paraskevi Malliou; Georgios Godolias
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-19     Completed Date:  2004-06-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Multivariate Analysis
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Rotator Cuff / physiology*
Weight Lifting / physiology*

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