Document Detail


Isolated vagus nerve palsy and vagal mononeuritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7378018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is useful to consider vagus nerve palsy as a form of cranial mononeuritis. In contrast with other forms of mononeuritis, the clinicoanatomical features and other aspects of vagal mononeuritis are not well defined. A series of 25 patients with isolated vagal mononeuritis were assessed by clinical and laryngoscopic examination, and laryngeal electromyography was done in all cases. Unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy was almost twice as common as unilateral superior and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and it appeared to have a better prognosis. The majority were on an idiopathic basis, and associated diabetes in two patients raised the possibility of diabetic mononeuritis. Three patients had bilateral palsies; bilateral vagal mononeuritis may represent a separate entity in that it occurs in younger subjects and is associated with upper respiratory tract illness. Partial or complete recovery occurred in about half of the patients.
Authors:
H Berry; R L Blair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0003-9977     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Otolaryngol     Publication Date:  1980 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-07-22     Completed Date:  1980-07-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376526     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Diabetic Neuropathies / complications
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Laryngeal Nerves
Male
Middle Aged
Neuritis / complications*,  physiopathology
Vagus Nerve* / physiopathology
Vocal Cord Paralysis / etiology*,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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