Document Detail

Isolated sphenoid sinus diseases: report of 39 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10864116     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To detail the underlying pathological conditions, symptoms, signs, and outcomes of patients with isolated sphenoid sinus involvement. DESIGN: A retrospective survey. SETTING: An academic referral center of a university hospital. PATIENTS: All 39 patients, aged 7 to 85 years, treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland, from 1988 through 1997 for isolated sphenoid sinus disease. RESULTS: Sinusitis was characterized as acute in 26 patients, subacute in 5 (including 1 pyocele), and chronic in 8 (including 2 fungal infections). No tumors were found. Isolated sinus cysts were excluded from the study. Headache, the main symptom in 32 patients (82%), was localized most commonly on the vertex. Other common complaints were rhinitis, dizziness, eye symptoms, and fever. In 2 patients, the finding was occult. Eight patients (21%) presented with cranial nerve deficits, and 1 patient had an intracranial complication. Sinus irrigation was performed in 16 patients (41%) and sphenoidotomy was performed in 10 (26%). Fifteen patients (38%) were treated with antibiotic drugs alone. Within 3 months, 31 (84%) of 37 patients had recovered from the illness; 5 still experienced headaches despite having normalized radiographic findings; and 1 had permanent unilateral visual loss. Two patients were lost to follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Sphenoid sinus opacity is mostly inflammatory in origin. Despite the benign nature of the disease, there is a risk of complications with high morbidity and mortality. Early and, if necessary, aggressive therapy to guarantee drainage of the sinus is recommended.
P Ruoppi; J Seppä; M Pukkila; J Nuutinen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery     Volume:  126     ISSN:  0886-4470     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-11     Completed Date:  2000-07-11     Revised Date:  2006-03-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603209     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  777-81     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Headache / etiology
Middle Aged
Paranasal Sinus Diseases / complications,  diagnosis*,  surgery
Retrospective Studies
Sphenoid Sinus*

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