Document Detail


Ischemic hepatitis secondary to hepatic artery steal in a patient with celiac artery stenosis and severe postural hypotension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21538779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ischemic hepatitis, also known as hypoxic hepatitis or shock liver is defined as an acute, transient elevation of aminotransferase levels in the absence of any known causes. The pathogenesis is multifactorial. Many studies have suggested systemic hypotension as a major contributor to the pathogenesis of ischemic hepatitis but that alone is not enough to cause it. Celiac artery stenosis does not commonly cause clinically significant hepatic ischemia because of its rich collaterals. We present a case of a 78-year-old male with a background of severe orthostatic hypotension, who presented with elevation of liver enzymes due to hepatic artery steal precipitated by celiac artery stenosis. Clinical investigations showed elevated transaminases and unremarkable CT scan. Invasive celiac artery angiography showed a critical ostial lesion and it was stented. The liver enzymes peaked the day following stenting and normalized over the next 9 days. This confirmed clinically significant hepatic artery steal due to an ostial celiac artery stenosis. Relieving the celiac artery stenosis normalized the liver enzymes confirming the interdependence of the two components of this rare syndrome. Our report is the only report to our knowledge where classic hepatic artery steal and shock liver was demonstrated due to the rare combination of severe orthostatic hypotension and celiac artery ostial stenosis. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Authors:
Vikram Panwar; Priyantha Ranaweera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Mercy Regional Health Center, Manhattan, Kansas.
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