Document Detail


Ischemic Dose-Response in the Spinal Cord: Both Immediate and Delayed Paraplegia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21543089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Paraplegia remains a significant complication of thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. The study of this spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion injury (SCIR) has been stifled by the constraints of current models. Large animal models are costly and restricting with regard to mechanisms of both injury and protection. While few studies of a murine model of SCIR have been published, the dose-response curve of the ischemic injury has not yet been published. We hypothesized that a viable dose-response curve of the neurological injury relative to the ischemic time could be developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a cervicothoracic approach, the aortic arches of C57bl/6 mice were exposed to the origins of the left common carotid and the left subclavian arteries. The aorta was clamped between these two vessels with additional occlusion of the left subclavian artery. Ischemic times ranged from 3 to 12 min. Hindlimb motor function was observed for 48 h. Survival and motor function were evaluated. Spinal cord tissue was preserved for histologic analysis. RESULTS: Survival curves showed increasing mortality with increasing spinal cord ischemia. This model reproduced spinal cord injury ranging from immediate paraplegia to progressive paraparesis depending on the ischemic time. Spinal cord histology mirrored the extent of functional deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Reproducible spinal cord ischemic injury is possible in a murine model and is directly translatable to thoracoabdominal surgery. The dose-response curve demonstrates that different degrees of injury can be studied from dense paraplegia to delayed onset injury depending on the ischemic insult.
Authors:
Philip D Smith; Ferenc Puskas; Xianzhong Meng; Doug Cho; Joseph C Cleveland; Michael J Weyant; Michael T Watkins; David A Fullerton; T Brett Reece
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of surgical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-8673     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376340     Medline TA:  J Surg Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
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