Document Detail

Ischemia of spinal cord following elective operative procedures of the infrarenal abdominal aorta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8698758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Ischemia of the spinal cord following procedures of the infrarenal abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries due to aneurysmatic or occlusive disease. DESIGN: Retrospective study, duration of follow up: two years. SETTINGS: Vascular Department of the 2nd Surgical Clinic of the University of Athens, Medical School. PATIENTS: 1,112 operative procedures to the infrarenal abdominal aorta and iliac arteries, carried out from January 1, 1976 to June 30, 1994; 665 cases were aneurysms, electively operated, to which a tube graft was placed in 390 and a bifurcated graft in the remaining 265. Similarly 457 bifurcated prostheses were placed due to stenotic disease. INTERVENTIONS: Aneurysmectomy, graft insertion. MEASURES: Death, severe disability. RESULTS: Ischemic damage to the spinal cord was noted in two cases postoperatively. The first case following placement of bifurcated prosthesis due to high occlusion of the abdominal aorta and the second case following resection of an aneurysm and placement of a tube graft. One of the patients passed away on the 43rd postoperative day, and the other 18 months after was able to stand but, however, could not walk easily without the help of another person. CONCLUSIONS: The complication seems to be multicausal, carrying a bad prognosis and cannot be foreseen. The stable hemodynamic condition of the patient during the operative and postoperative period with revascularisation of at least one hypogastric artery, reduces the time of aortic occlusion and securing collateral circulation might reduce these complications. Also preopeorative angiography of the spinal cord with more sophisticated techniques, might constitute the most reliable prognosis in the future.
P Dimakakos; B Arapoglou; K Katsenis; L Vlahos; J Papadimitriou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0021-9509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-30     Completed Date:  1996-08-30     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066127     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Vascular Department of the 2nd Surgical Clinic, Medical School, University of Athens.
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MeSH Terms
Aorta, Abdominal / surgery
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
Aortic Diseases / surgery*
Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery*
Blood Vessel Prosthesis
Follow-Up Studies
Ischemia / epidemiology,  etiology*
Paraplegia / epidemiology,  etiology*
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology,  etiology*
Retrospective Studies
Spinal Cord / blood supply*
Surgical Procedures, Elective
Time Factors
Comment In:
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2001 Feb;42(1):151   [PMID:  11292926 ]

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