Document Detail

Irregular array motion and extended integration for the suppression of spatial aliasing in passive sonar.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21361435     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Conventional synthetic aperture processing uses motion of the sonar to increase aperture size and bearing resolution. Two recent papers discussed a different application in which synthetic elements are used to fill in an otherwise sparse passive array. This paper points out that ambiguities persist, even with synthetic elements, in the ideal case of a straight, uniform, sparse line array with constant velocity in the presence of plane wave signals. It is also shown that irregular motion such as acceleration introduces additional information which can be exploited to suppress the ambiguities. The degree of suppression in such an approach is independent of signal direction. If source stability supports extended coherent integration, then the acceleration and integration time required are both modest to achieve interesting levels of suppression. For a less stable source, a modified conventional beamformer is introduced which leverages acceleration over multiple snapshots to suppress the ambiguities. A post-beamformed processing stage involving a nonlinear deconvolution technique such as the CLEAN algorithm can further improve the result. A semi-coherent adaptation of CLEAN is shown to remove the residual ambiguities effectively in the presence of a moderate level of uncorrelated noise.
Enson Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  129     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  765     Citation Subset:  IM    
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