Document Detail

Irony and Empathy in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23331976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Social communication involves influencing what other people think and feel about themselves. We use the term conative theory of mind (ToM) to refer to communicative interactions involving one person trying to influence the mental and emotional state of another, paradigmatic examples of which are irony and empathy. This study reports how children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) understand ironic criticism and empathic praise, on a task requiring them to identify speaker belief and intention for direct conative speech acts involving literal truth, and indirect speech acts involving either ironic criticism or empathic praise. Participants were 71 children in the chronic state of a single TBI and 57 age- and gender-matched children with orthopedic injuries (OI). Group differences emerged on indirect speech acts involving conation (i.e., irony and empathy), but not on structurally and linguistically identical direct speech acts, suggesting specific deficits in this aspect of social cognition in school-age children with TBI. Deficits in children with mild-moderate TBI were less widespread and more selective than those of children with more severe injuries. Deficits in understanding the social, conative function of indirect speech acts like irony and empathy have widespread and deep implications for social function in children with TBI. (JINS, 2013, 19, 1-11).
Maureen Dennis; Nevena Simic; Alba Agostino; H Gerry Taylor; Erin D Bigler; Kenneth Rubin; Kathryn Vannatta; Cynthia A Gerhardt; Terry Stancin; Keith Owen Yeates
Related Documents :
24691576 - Indian children with developmental disabilities: early versus late referral for interve...
21334626 - Normalization of haemostatic alterations in overweight children with weight loss due to...
24224146 - Reappraisal of regional growth charts in the era of who growth standards.
6127546 - Administration of live varicella vaccine to children wtih leukaemia.
1468106 - Prevalence of clinically undetected and untreated molar occlusal dentine caries in adol...
19563096 - Child's play: exposure to household pesticide use among children in rural, urban and in...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-7661     ISO Abbreviation:  J Int Neuropsychol Soc     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503760     Medline TA:  J Int Neuropsychol Soc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-11     Citation Subset:  -    
1 Program in Neuroscience & Mental Health, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Prediction of components of the sporopollenin synthesis pathway in peach by genomic and expression a...
Next Document:  Calcineurin B-like protein CBL10 directly interacts with AKT1 and modulates K(+) homeostasis in Arab...