Document Detail

Iron supplementation of breastfed infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22043886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Reported here are three studies performed with the objective of finding ways to improve the iron status of breastfed infants and to prevent iron deficiency (ID). Participating infants were exclusively breastfed until 4 months of age; thereafter, they could receive complementary foods and, in some studies, supplemental formula. In the first study, infants were given medicinal iron between the ages of 1 and 5.5 months. During this period, iron status improved and ID was prevented; however, these benefits did not continue after the intervention ceased. In the second study, infants received medicinal iron or an equivalent amount of iron from an iron-fortified cereal between the ages of 4 and 9 months. Again, iron supplementation largely prevented ID from occurring, while non-anemic ID and ID anemia occurred in the control group as well as in the intervention groups before the intervention began. In the third study, infants received dry cereals fortified with electrolytic iron or with ferrous fumarate between the ages of 4 and 9 months. The cereals were equally effective in providing relative protection from ID. The results of these three studies indicate it is possible to protect breastfed infants from ID and IDA.
Ekhard E Ziegler; Steven E Nelson; Janice M Jeter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  69 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1753-4887     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S71-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 International Life Sciences Institute.
Fomon Infant Nutrition Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.
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