Document Detail

Iron solubility compared with in vitro digestion-Caco-2 cell culture method for the assessment of iron bioavailability in a processed and unprocessed complementary food for Tanzanian infants (6-12 months).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16571151     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Fe solubility test is a commonly used, easy and relatively cheap in vitro tool for predicting Fe bioavailability in food matrices. However, the outcome of a recent field trial comparing the effect on Fe status of Tanzanian infants of processed v. unprocessed complementary foods (CF), with otherwise the same composition, challenged the validity of this test for predicting Fe bioavailability. In the solubility test, significant more soluble Fe was observed in processed compared with unprocessed foods (mean 18.8 (sem 0.21) v. 4.8 (sem 0.23) %; P<0.001). However, in the field trial, no significant difference in Fe status was seen between processed and unprocessed CF groups after 6 months' follow-up. Therefore, twenty-four samples of these CF (twelve processed and twelve unprocessed batches) were analysed in triplicate for Fe availability using an in vitro digestion-Caco-2 cell culture method and results were compared with solubility results. Significantly more soluble Fe was presented to Caco-2 cells in the processed compared with unprocessed samples (mean 11.5 (sem 1.16) v. 8.5 (sem 2.54) %; P=0.028), but proportionally less Fe was taken up by the cells (mean 3.0 (sem 0.40) v. 11.7 (sem 2.22) %; P=0.007). As a net result, absolute Fe uptake was lower (not significantly) in processed compared with unprocessed CF (mean 1.3 (sem 0.16) v. 3.4 (sem 0.83) nmol/mg cell protein; P=0.052). These data clearly demonstrate that the Fe solubility test was not a good indicator of Fe bioavailability in these particular food matrices. In contrast, the results of an in vitro Caco-2 model supported the effects observed in vivo.
Ilse Pynaert; Charlotte Armah; Susan Fairweather-Tait; Patrick Kolsteren; John van Camp; Stefaan De Henauw
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-30     Completed Date:  2006-06-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Caco-2 Cells / metabolism
Food Analysis / methods
Food Handling
Infant Food*
Iron, Dietary / pharmacokinetics*
Nutritive Value
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iron, Dietary

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