Document Detail

Iron endowment at birth: maternal iron status and other influences.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22043879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The iron endowment at birth depends, in large part, on the newborn's birth weight and gestational age. These are determined by many factors, some of which are maternal characteristics, including the following: maternal iron stores at her own birth and during her own early life, maternal growth and development, maternal age at conception, intergenesic intervals, maternal body characteristics and iron status at conception and during early pregnancy, gestational body weight gain, and iron status throughout gestation, particularly at conception and early pregnancy, and gestational body weight gain. Although less studied, paternal influences on the initiation and progression of pregnancy and on maternal environmental exposures are also important. Even though tools for the quantitative evaluation of women's iron status are very well developed, the quantitative estimation of body iron in the newborn and young infant remains a challenge. This article describes the crucial role played by the placenta in protecting the embryo and the fetus. In addition, neonatal health, particularly early in pregnancy, is briefly addressed, as are some important aspects of antenatal nutritional interventions that include iron.
Fernando E Viteri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  69 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1753-4887     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S3-S16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 International Life Sciences Institute.
Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley and Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, USA.
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