Document Detail


Iron absorption from experimental infant formulas based on pea (Pisum sativum)-protein isolate: the effect of phytic acid and ascorbic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11227034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infant formula based on pea (Pisum sativum)-protein isolate has been suggested as an alternative to soybean formula in countries where soybean is not a native crop, or when soybean protein cannot be used due to allergic reactions or intolerances. In the present study, Fe absorption from experimental infant formulas based on pea-protein isolate was measured in healthy non-anaemic young women. The influence of phytic acid and ascorbic acid on Fe absorption was evaluated, using a stable-isotope technique based on incorporation of Fe stable-isotope labels into erythrocytes 14 d after administration. Geometric mean Fe absorption increased from 20.7 (+1 SD 41.6, -1 SD 10.3) % to 33.1 (+1 SD 58.6, -1 SD 18.7) %; (P < 0.0001; n 10) after enzymic degradation of virtually all phytic acid. Doubling the molar ratio Fe:ascorbic acid from 1:2.1 to 1:4.2 in the infant formula with native phytic acid content also increased Fe absorption significantly (P < 0.0001; n 10); geometric mean Fe absorption increased from 14.8 (+1 SD 32.1, -1 SD 6.8) % to 22.1 (+1 SD 47.2, -1 SD 10.4) %. These results confirm the inhibitory and enhancing effects of phytic acid and ascorbic acid respectively on Fe absorption, but also indicate relatively high fractional Fe absorption from the pea-protein-based formulas. After adjusting for differences in Fe status, our data indicate that Fe absorption from dephytinised pea protein might be less inhibitory than dephytinised soybean protein as measured in a previous study (Hurrell et al. 1998).
Authors:
L Davidsson; T Dimitriou; T Walczyk; R F Hurrell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-06     Completed Date:  2001-03-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  59-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Rüschlikon, Switzerland. davidsson@ilw.agrl.ethz.ch.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Intestinal Absorption / drug effects
Iron / pharmacokinetics*
Peas*
Phytic Acid / pharmacology
Plant Proteins*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Proteins; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid; 7439-89-6/Iron; 83-86-3/Phytic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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