Document Detail

Ipsilateral parenchymal hemorrhage after hemicraniectomy in a patient suffering from malignant middle cerebral artery infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17351531     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Early hemicraniectomy reduces mortality in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarctions to 16%, although the benefit on functional outcome is still unclear. We treat patients with malignant MCA infarction younger than 60 years. Epidural or subgaleal hemorrhages are relatively common complications. Only 1 trial described parenchymal hemorrhage as a complication of hemicraniectomy. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man was admitted to our stroke unit with right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia. NIHSS was 18; GCS, 3. The initial CT showed hypoattenuation in the basal ganglia and the insular ribbon on the left side. CT-angiography showed M1 occlusion. Despite thrombolysis with rtPA in the 3-hour time window, no recanalization was achieved. We performed early hemicraniectomy. Additionally, we started mild hypothermia and deep sedation to prevent increasing cerebral edema. Control CT on day 2 showed intracerebral hemorrhage and an obstructive hydrocephalus because of intraventricular blood. To avoid herniation, the patient received an extraventricular drainage (EVD). Thereafter, the intracerebral pressure remained stable. The patient was discharged, with a NIHSS of 18 and GCS of 10. CONCLUSION: The reported patient is the first in the literature that suffered from deep hemorrhage after hemicraniectomy. Hemorrhagic transformation might be a risk factor for clinically relevant hemorrhage after hemicraniectomy.
Claudia Disqué; Georg Gahn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The neurologist     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1074-7931     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurologist     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-12     Completed Date:  2007-05-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503763     Medline TA:  Neurologist     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Technical University Dresden, Neurology Department, Dresden, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Brain / pathology,  physiopathology,  radiography
Brain Edema / etiology,  prevention & control,  surgery*
Cerebral Angiography
Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*,  physiopathology,  radiography
Craniotomy / adverse effects*,  standards
Functional Laterality / physiology
Hydrocephalus / etiology,  physiopathology,  prevention & control
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / complications*,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Intracranial Hypertension / etiology,  physiopathology,  prevention & control
Lateral Ventricles / pathology,  physiopathology,  radiography
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications / etiology,  pathology,  physiopathology*
Risk Factors
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome

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