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Ionic derivatives of betulinic acid as novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21985312     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Betulinic acid is a natural product possessing abundant and favourable biological activity, including anti-cancer, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV properties, while causing minimal toxicity to unaffected cells. The full biological potency of betulinic acid cannot be fully unlocked, however, for a number of reasons, a primary one being its limited solubility in aqueous and biologically pertinent organic media. Aiming to improve the water solubility of betulinic acid without disrupting its structurally related bioactivity, we have prepared different ionic derivatives of betulinic acid. Inhibition bioassays on HIV-1 protease-catalysed peptide hydrolysis indicate significantly improved performance resulting from converting the betulinic acid to organic salt form. Indeed, for one particular cholinium-based derivative, its water solubility is improved more than 100 times and the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) value (22 μg mL(-1)) was one-third that of wide-type betulinic acid (60 μg mL(-1)). These encouraging results advise that additional studies of ionic betulinic acid derivatives as a therapeutic solution against HIV-1 infection are warranted.
Hua Zhao; Shaletha S Holmes; Gary A Baker; Suresh Challa; Himangshu S Bose; Zhiyan Song
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-6374     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101150203     Medline TA:  J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Natural Sciences, Savannah State University , Savannah, GA , USA.
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