Document Detail


Ionic Liquid Assisted Dissolution of Dissolved Organic Matter and PAHs from Soil Below the Critical Micelle Concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23627900     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increased use and production of ionic liquids (ILs) may result in emissions into the environment. Particularly vulnerable are industrial areas and landfills where ILs are utilized and ultimately disposed of. This study investigates how IL contamination can affect soil properties and the sorption of pre-existing contaminants. The commonly used IL 1-methyl-3-octyl imidazolium chloride ([OMIM][Cl]) was added at various quantities to a landfill soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Subsequently, the release of PAHs and dissolved organic matter (DOM) from this soil was thoroughly investigated. Two fractions of PAH release into the porewater were measured, the freely-dissolved fraction (measured using a passive sampler) and the total PAH concentration (which includes the freely-dissolved molecules as well as those associated with colloids, micelles and DOM). As expected the highest levels of total PAH porewater concentration occurred when the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the IL was exceeded. However, as we report here for the first time, enhanced amounts of freely-dissolved PAHs were released by sub-CMC concentrations of IL. Additionally, enhanced levels of DOM, due to dissolution of soil organic matter by IL, were also observed upon addition of sub-CMC IL concentrations. Based on this, enhanced release of pre-existing contaminants and DOM is suggested as a potential risk from IL emissions at trace concentrations well below the CMC. Potential mechanisms of this sub-CMC release are discussed.
Authors:
Marta Markiewicz; Christian Jungnickel; Hans Peter Heinrich Arp
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5851     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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