Document Detail

Iodine status and fish intake of Sudanese schoolchildren living in the Red Sea and White Nile regions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22475452     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate iodine status and fish consumption of schoolchildren living in the Red Sea and White Nile regions of Sudan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study to determine urinary iodine concentration, visible goitre rate, iodine content of salt and fish consumption. SETTING: Port Sudan (Red Sea) and Jabal Awliya (White Nile), Sudan. SUBJECTS: Two hundred eighty (n 280) children aged 6-12 years (142 boys, 138 girls). RESULTS: The median urinary iodine concentration in children from Port Sudan and Jabal Awliya was 553 and 160 μg/l, respectively. Goitre was detected in 17·1 % of children from Port Sudan but only in 1·4 % from Jabal Awliya, The salt samples from Port Sudan contained 150-360 mg iodine (KOI3)/kg salt, whereas those from Jabal Awliya had levels below the detection limit. Despite consuming salt devoid of iodine, children from Jabal Awliya had optimal iodine status. It is plausible that consumption of Nile fish from Jabal Awliya Reservoir, which is a good source of iodine and favoured by the locals, might have provided sufficient iodine. In contrast, children from Port Sudan were at higher risk of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism resulting from consumption of excessively iodised salt. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study clearly demonstrated that (i) Sudan still has a problem with iodine nutrition and quality control and monitoring of salt iodisation and (ii) including fish in the diet could provide a sufficient amount of iodine for schoolchildren.
Izzeldin S Hussein; Yoeju Min; Kebreab Ghebremeskel; Abdelrahim M Gaffar
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  -    
1Faculty of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, 166-220 Holloway Road, London N7 8DB, UK.
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