Document Detail

Iodine deficiency disorders in 6-12 years old rural primary school children in Kutch district, Gujarat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21169642     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare prevalence of goitre in primary school children; to determine median urinary iodine concentration in children; and, to assess level of salt iodization at retail trader level.
DESIGN: 30 cluster survey study.
SETTINGS: Primary schools of Kutch district, Gujarat, India.
METHODS: Total 70 students including five boys and five girls from 1st to 7th standard, present in class on the day of visit were selected randomly for Goitre examination (n=2100). Urine sample was collected from one boy and one girl from each standard in each cluster. From the community, 28 children, including two boys and two girls from each standard in the same age group were examined, and salt samples were tested from their households. From each village, one retail shop was visited and various salts available were purchased and tested for iodine on the spot with spot kit.
RESULTS: Goitre prevalence of 11.2% was found among primary school children (grade 1- 8.6% and grade 2-2.6%). As the age increased, the Goitre prevalence also increased except in age group of 8 years. Median urinary iodine excretion level was 110 µg/L. Iodine level more than 15 ppm was found in 92.3% salts samples tested at the household level.
CONCLUSION: Present study showed mild goitre prevalence in primary school children in Kutch district of Gujarat.
Rajesh Chudasama; Umed V Patel; Ravikant R; Pramod H Verma
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian pediatrics     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0974-7559     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian Pediatr     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-11     Completed Date:  2011-11-09     Revised Date:  2012-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985062R     Medline TA:  Indian Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  453-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine, PDU Medical College, Rajkot, India.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Goiter / epidemiology*
India / epidemiology
Iodine / deficiency*
Rural Population
Students / statistics & numerical data*
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Indian Pediatr. 2012 Jun;49(6):500-1   [PMID:  22796699 ]
Indian Pediatr. 2011 Jun;48(6):443-4   [PMID:  21743111 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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