Document Detail

Involvement of actin cytoskeleton in macrophage apoptosis induced by cationic liposomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22203089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We clarified whether actin cytoskeleton is involved in the macrophage apoptosis induced by cationic liposomes composed of stearylamine (SA-liposomes). Externalization of phosphatidylserine induced by SA-liposomes was suppressed by cytochalasin D, a specific inhibitor of polymerization of F-actin. Furthermore, activation of PKCδ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which could be involved in the macrophage apoptosis, were inhibited by cytochalasin D. Microscopical observation revealed the co-localization of 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI)-labeled SA-liposomes and fluorescein-labeled phalloidin, which specifically binds to F-actin, and this co-localization was also inhibited by cytochalasin D. Co-localization of SA-liposomes and F-actin was also inhibited by the pre-treatment of cells with chondroitinase ABC. These findings could be the first observation concerning the contribution of the proteoglycan-actin cytoskeleton-ROS generation pathway to apoptosis induced by SA-liposomes in macrophages.
Katsuki Takano; Kaori Sato; Yoichi Negishi; Yukihiko Aramaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of biochemistry and biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0384     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372430     Medline TA:  Arch Biochem Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan.
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