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Involvement of Specific Transport System on Uptake of Lactone Form of SN-38 in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cell Line Caco-2.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22223337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of the transport of lactone and carboxylate forms of SN-38 (SN-38L and SN-38C, respectively), a metabolite of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11), with the human intestinal epithelial cell line, Caco-2. We examined SN-38L and SN-38C uptake from the apical side into Caco-2, and the effects of various compounds on the uptake of SN-38L. SN-38L and SN-38C in the cells were determined by HPLC with a fluorescence detector. When either SN-38L (0.5 µM) or SN-38C (0.5 µM) was added extracellularly at 37°C, the accumulation of SN-38L into the cells was about 10-fold higher than that of SN-38C, suggesting a dominant role of the lactone form in the uptake of SN-38 into Caco-2. The accumulation of SN-38L in Caco-2 increased time-dependently up to 10 min at 37°C, whereas the accumulation markedly decreased at 4°C. The initial uptake rate of SN-38L approached saturation at high concentrations with Michaelis-Menten constant and 'Hill coefficient,' 2.84±1.00 μM and 2.13±1.14, respectively (mean±S.E.). The accumulation of SN-38L was markedly inhibited by baicalin, an active ingredient of a Chinese herbal medicine, Hange-Shashin-To, as well as CPT-11. The type of inhibition by baicalin was competitive. In contrast, concomitant sulfobromophthalein, taurocholate and estrone 3-sulfate significantly increased SN-38L uptake. These results suggest that apical uptake of SN-38 by Caco-2 is dominantly performed as a lactone form through a specific transporter, which is competitively inhibited by baicalin.
Authors:
Yusuke Ueno; Hiroko Matsuda; Hideki Mizutani; Takuya Iwamoto; Masahiro Okuda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1347-5215     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Pharm. Bull.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9311984     Medline TA:  Biol Pharm Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmaceutics, Graduate School of Medicine, Mie University.
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