Document Detail

Involvement of GPR12 in the regulation of cell proliferation and survival.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22430950     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
GPR12, a member of the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor family, constitutively activates the Gs protein and increases intracellular cyclic AMP concentrations. GPR12 can be activated by its known ligand-sphingosylphosphorylcholine, which regulates cellular physiological activities, including proliferation, neurite extension, cell clustering, and maintenance of meiotic arrest. However, signaling pathways involved in the GPR12-mediated physiological and biochemical changes are still not clearly illustrated. In the present study, heterologous GPR12 expression was demonstrated to promote proliferation and survival in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Immunochemical analysis showed that Ki67, a prototypic cell cycle-related nuclear protein, might participate in the regulation of GPR12-mediated cell proliferation. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase signaling and increased total Erk1/2 and B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 expression were also observed in HEK293 cells overexpressing human GPR12. In addition, we found that GPR12 promoted cell survival under serum deprivation, indicating that GPR12 may play a role in cell proliferation and survival.
Xiaoming Lu; Ning Zhang; Bo Meng; Suzhen Dong; Yinghe Hu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institutes for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research, East China Normal University, 3663 North Zhongshan Road, Shanghai, 200062, China.
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