Document Detail

Inviting patients to read their doctors' notes: a quasi-experimental study and a look ahead.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027317     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about what primary care physicians (PCPs) and patients experience if patients are invited to read their doctors' office notes.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect on doctors and patients of facilitating patient access to visit notes over secure Internet portals.
DESIGN: Quasi-experimental trial of PCPs and patient volunteers in a year-long program that provided patients with electronic links to their doctors' notes.
SETTING: Primary care practices at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Massachusetts, Geisinger Health System (GHS) in Pennsylvania, and Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Washington.
PARTICIPANTS: 105 PCPs and 13 564 of their patients who had at least 1 completed note available during the intervention period.
MEASUREMENTS: Portal use and electronic messaging by patients and surveys focusing on participants' perceptions of behaviors, benefits, and negative consequences.
RESULTS: 11 797 of 13 564 patients with visit notes available opened at least 1 note (84% at BIDMC, 92% at GHS, and 47% at HMC). Of 5391 patients who opened at least 1 note and completed a postintervention survey, 77% to 87% across the 3 sites reported that open notes helped them feel more in control of their care; 60% to 78% of those taking medications reported increased medication adherence; 26% to 36% had privacy concerns; 1% to 8% reported that the notes caused confusion, worry, or offense; and 20% to 42% reported sharing notes with others. The volume of electronic messages from patients did not change. After the intervention, few doctors reported longer visits (0% to 5%) or more time addressing patients' questions outside of visits (0% to 8%), with practice size having little effect; 3% to 36% of doctors reported changing documentation content; and 0% to 21% reported taking more time writing notes. Looking ahead, 59% to 62% of patients believed that they should be able to add comments to a doctor's note. One out of 3 patients believed that they should be able to approve the notes' contents, but 85% to 96% of doctors did not agree. At the end of the experimental period, 99% of patients wanted open notes to continue and no doctor elected to stop.
LIMITATIONS: Only 3 geographic areas were represented, and most participants were experienced in using portals. Doctors volunteering to participate and patients using portals and completing surveys may tend to offer favorable feedback, and the response rate of the patient surveys (41%) may further limit generalizability.
CONCLUSION: Patients accessed visit notes frequently, a large majority reported clinically relevant benefits and minimal concerns, and virtually all patients wanted the practice to continue. With doctors experiencing no more than a modest effect on their work lives, open notes seem worthy of widespread adoption.
PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Drane Family Fund, the Richard and Florence Koplow Charitable Foundation, and the National Cancer Institute.
Tom Delbanco; Jan Walker; Sigall K Bell; Jonathan D Darer; Joann G Elmore; Nadine Farag; Henry J Feldman; Roanne Mejilla; Long Ngo; James D Ralston; Stephen E Ross; Neha Trivedi; Elisabeth Vodicka; Suzanne G Leveille
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of internal medicine     Volume:  157     ISSN:  1539-3704     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  2012-12-04     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372351     Medline TA:  Ann Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  461-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Electronic Health Records*
Middle Aged
Patient Access to Records*
Physician-Patient Relations
Physicians, Primary Care*
Pilot Projects
Young Adult
Grant Support
K05 CA 104699/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K05 CA104699/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Comment In:
Ann Intern Med. 2012 Oct 2;157(7):523-4   [PMID:  23027321 ]
Ann Intern Med. 2012 Oct 2;157(7):525-6   [PMID:  23027322 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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