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Investigation of unexpected serum CA19-9 elevation in Lewis-negative cancer patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22492877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients with a Lewis (a-b-) phenotype have no carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in their serum. However, we found a small but distinct elevation in the serum CA19-9 level in three cancer patients with the Lewis-negative phenotype. Here, we investigated the reason of such phenomena. METHODS: Six cancer patients with a Lewis-negative phenotype were selected by very low CA19-9 concentrations: three showed a small elevation (Group A) and the other three showed no elevation (Group B) in the serum CA19-9. We investigated the difference by analyzing the Lewis/Secretor genotypes. RESULTS: All of the six patients with a Le (a-b-) phenotype were genuine Le-negative genotypes: four individuals were homozygous for le1 (le(59,508)), one patient was compound heterozygous for le1 (le(59,508)) and le2 (le(59,1067)) and one patient was compound heterozygous for le1 and le(202,314). As for the Secretor gene, the three patients in Group B were homozygous for Se2 (one patient) or compound heterozygous for Se2 and sej (two patients), while the patients in Group A were all homozygous for sej genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Even genuinely Le-negative patients, who genetically lack the Le enzyme and theoretically never produce CA19-9, occasionally show a slight increase in serum CA19-9 level when they are homozygous for Se-negative genotypes and suffer from advanced cancer with overproduction of glycans as precursors of CA19-9. Although such cases are not frequent, we should be acquainted with the correlation between serum CA19-9 values and genotypes of Lewis and Secretor genes.
Etsuko Hamada; Terumi Taniguchi; Satoshi Baba; Masato Maekawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of clinical biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1758-1001     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0324055     Medline TA:  Ann Clin Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Laboratory Medicine.
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