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Investigation of the transmigrated canine in an orthodontic patient population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22773671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics of transmigrated canines in a south Indian orthodontic patient population. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Manipal University, Manipal, India. Subjects and methods: Panoramic radiographs of 3500 patients were examined and data collected regarding the number and side of transmigrated canines, sex and age of patients, any other associated pathologies and subsequent treatment. Transmigrated canines were classified according to Mupparapu's classification. Results: The prevalence of transmigrated canines in this population was found to be 0·46% of which, seven were males (age: 17-51 years) and nine were females (age: 17-35 years). All transmigrated canines were unilateral and impacted. Eleven canines migrated from the left to the right side, and five migrated from the right to the left. Of the 16 patients, 13 had retained primary canines and 3 had exfoliated primary canines. Eight canines exhibited a type 1 transmigratory pattern, type 2, type 4 and type 5 transmigratory patterns were exhibited by two canines each. One of the canines was classified as type 3. Three canines were associated with dentigerous cyst formation. Four cases were treated by orthodontic traction, while one was removed surgically. Others were observed periodically. Conclusions: Diagnosis of transmigration at earlier stages is important to prevent more complex occlusal problems.
Authors:
Santosh Kumar; Priyanka Jayaswal; Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati; Ashima Valiathan; Nidhi Kotak
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthodontics     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1465-3133     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthod     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100957268     Medline TA:  J Orthod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-94     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor S. Kumar, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. drsantoshortho@gmail.com.
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