Document Detail

Investigation of the relation between self-reported food consumption and household chemical exposures with urinary levels of selected nonpersistent pesticides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12415488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Concerns about pesticide exposure through food consumption have increased during the past several years. The main objective of our study was to determine whether we could use data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) to detect a relation between self-reported food consumption--particularly consumption of fruits, vegetables, and bread products--and urinary levels of pesticides or their metabolites in a population of 978 adults living in the US. A secondary objective was to investigate whether these urine levels differed for people who reported exposure to selected common household chemicals including bug or insect spray, weed killer, and mothballs or crystals. We used monthly food frequency data from the NHANES III, 1988-1994. Urinary pesticide/metabolite levels and information about chemical exposures were taken from the Priority Toxicant Reference Range Study (a component of the NHANES III). Six pesticides or their metabolites were detected in at least 50% of the sample, three of which--1-naphthol (86.4%), pentachlorophenol (62.5%), and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (82.0%)--were possibly related to food consumption. We were unable to detect a relation between self-reported food consumption and their urinary levels. This may be due more to the limitations of the datasets than to a lack of a relation between food consumption and urine pesticide/metabolite levels. We did find that people who reported recently using selected common chemicals had higher geometric mean urine pesticide/metabolite levels than did people who reported not recently using these chemicals.
Stephanie M Kieszak; Luke P Naeher; Carol S Rubin; Larry L Needham; Lorraine Backer; Dana Barr; Michael McGeehin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1053-4245     ISO Abbreviation:  J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-04     Completed Date:  2003-04-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111438     Medline TA:  J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  404-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Burden
Environmental Exposure*
Food Contamination*
Insecticides / urine*
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys*
Organophosphorus Compounds*
Pesticide Residues / urine*
Reproducibility of Results
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds; 0/Pesticide Residues

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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