Document Detail


Investigation onto feasibility of an adsorbent for chromium abatement with its extended application for real mine drainage water.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The feasibilities of the adsorbents ferrous modified calcined bauxite (FEMCB) and ferric modified calcined bauxite (FRMCB) in the abatement of Cr(VI) was investigated in the present study. The adsorbents were characterized by scanning electron micrographs (SEM), electro diffraction spectra (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. Parameter optimization of both adsorbents was done and performance efficiencies in the removal of Cr(VI) were compared. Although pH and temperature seemed to have no significant role in the removal efficiency of FEMCB, sorption by FRMCB was found to be depending on both. The optimum pH and temperature was found to be 5 ± 0.2, and 30°C, respectively. At optimum conditions, both adsorbents demonstrated removal efficiencies of >99% for a concentration of 5 mg L(-1). Sorption of Cr(VI) by FEMCB followed Freundlich isotherm model, while that of FRMCB fitted well with Langmuir isotherm model. The isotherm parameters were optimized by minimizing the error functions. The kinetics of sorption by FEMCB followed a pseudo-second-order model confirming chemisorptive mechanism, while FRMCB followed pseudo-first-order. Thermodynamic study revealed that sorption process was spontaneous and that the rate limiting step was governed by film diffusion. Both the adsorbents showed removal efficiencies of >99% in removing Cr(VI) from real sample of mine drainage water of concentration 1.86 mg L(-1) at optimum conditions.
Authors:
Krishnadas Perikamana; Indu M Sasidharan Pillai; Ashok K Gupta; Ayoob Sulaiman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1532-4117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Civil Engineering , Indian Institute of Technology , Kharagpur , India.
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