Document Detail

Investigation of mortality and pathological changes in a 14-month birth cohort of boxer puppies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9682419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper presents puppy mortality and postmortem findings for a birth cohort of boxer puppies born in the Netherlands between January 1994 and March 1995. In all, 457 litters were registered, of which 414 (90.6 per cent) were involved in the study. The 414 litters contained 2629 puppies, a mean litter size of 6.4 puppies. Of the 2629 puppies 571 (21.7 per cent) died or were euthanased before they were weaned at 50 days of age; there were 147 (25.7 per cent) stillbirths; 102 (17.9 per cent) were euthanased because they were white; 269 (47.1 per cent) of the puppies died during the first 21 days of life and 53 (9.3 per cent) puppies died between days 22 and 50. The cause of death or the reason for euthanasia was assessed by either the breeder or the veterinarian in 176 of these 269 puppies but was not determined in the other 93 puppies. Three hundred and two puppies were examined postmortem; the most important cause of death or reasons for euthanasia were inflammatory disorders (102; 33.8 per cent), non-inflammatory disorders such as asphyxia and malnutrition (66; 21.9 per cent), euthanasia because they were white (51; 16.9 per cent), and congenital abnormalities (45; 14.9 per cent). No cause of death or reason for euthanasia could be found for 38 puppies (12.6 percent)
A L Nielen; I van der Gaag; B W Knol; Y H Schukken
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  142     ISSN:  0042-4900     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-05     Completed Date:  1998-10-05     Revised Date:  2006-12-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  602-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Sciences of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Welfare
Cause of Death*
Cohort Studies
Dog Diseases / mortality,  pathology
Euthanasia, Animal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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