Document Detail


Investigation of in vivo fatty acid metabolism in AFABP/aP2(-/-) mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15367400     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The metabolic impact of the murine adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (AFABP/aP2) on lipid metabolism was investigated in the AFABP/aP2(-/-) mouse and compared with wild-type C57BL/6J littermates. Mice were weaned on a high-fat diet (59% of energy from fat) and acclimated to meal feeding. Stable isotopes were administered, and indirect calorimetry was performed to quantitate fatty acid flux, dietary fatty acid utilization, and substrate oxidation. Consistent with previous in situ and in vitro studies, fasting serum nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) release was significantly reduced in AFABP/aP2(-/-) (17.1 +/- 9.0 vs. 51.9 +/- 22.9 mg.kg(-1).min(-1)). AFABP/aP2(-/-) exhibited higher serum NEFA (1.4 +/- 0.6 vs. 0.8 +/- 0.4 mmol/l, AFABP/aP2(-/-) vs. C57BL/6J, respectively) and triacylglycerol (TAG; 0.23 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.13 +/- 0.10 mmol/l) and accumulated more TAG in liver tissue (2.9 +/- 2.3 vs. 1.1 +/- 0.8% wet wt) in the fasted state. For the liver-TAG pool, 16.4 +/- 7.3% of TAG-fatty acids were derived from serum NEFA in AFABP/aP2(-/-). In contrast, a significantly greater portion of C57BL/6J liver-TAG was derived from serum NEFA (42.3 +/- 25.5%) during tracer infusion. For adipose-TAG stores, only 0.29 +/- 0.04% was derived from serum NEFA in AFABP/aP2(-/-), and, in C57BL/6J, 1.85 +/- 0.97% of adipose-TAG was derived from NEFA. In addition, AFABP/aP2(-/-) preferentially oxidized glucose relative to fatty acids in the fed state. These data demonstrate that in vivo disruption of AFABP/aP2(-/-) leads to changes in the following two major metabolic processes: 1) decreased adipose NEFA efflux and 2) preferential utilization of glucose relative to fatty acids.
Authors:
Rachel A Baar; Carlus S Dingfelder; Lisa A Smith; David A Bernlohr; Chaodong Wu; Alex J Lange; Elizabeth J Parks
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2004-09-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  288     ISSN:  0193-1849     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-08     Completed Date:  2005-03-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E187-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / metabolism
Animals
Calorimetry, Indirect
Carrier Proteins / genetics*,  metabolism*
Dietary Fats / pharmacokinetics
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Fasting / physiology
Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / metabolism*
Liver / metabolism
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Knockout
Triglycerides / metabolism
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 P30 DK-50456/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK-38354/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK-53189/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Triglycerides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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