Document Detail


Investigation of the ionic strength dependence of Ulva lactuca acid functional group pK(a)s by manual alkalimetric titrations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20121199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We performed a series of manual alkalimetric titrations in NaCl solutions (0.01-5.0 M) at T = 25 degrees C on both fresh and dehydrated samples of the marine chlorophyte Ulva lactuca (sea lettuce), a strong metal accumulator holding considerable promise in biosorbent and biomonitor applications. Functional groups were characterized in terms of their number, site densities, and acid dissociation constants (pK(a)s). FITEQL4.0 modeling shows that, at any ionic strength, titration curves for dehydrated biomass in the pH range 2-10 are adequately described by three functional groups with remarkably uniform site densities of about 5 x 10(-4) mol/g. Lower site densities for fresh U. lactuca are consistent with approximately 87% water content. The pK(a)s display pronounced ionic strength dependent behavior obeying an extended Debye-Huckel relation. Extrapolation to I = 0 yields values of 4.26 +/- 0.04, 6.44 +/- 0.02, and 9.56 +/- 0.04. This information by itself is insufficient to unambiguously identify the groups. Similar site densities suggest that all three are linked to major molecular building blocks of the cell material, pointing to carboxylic acids, phosphate esters, and amines as likely candidates. Highly acidic sulfate esters, not detected in our titrations, may also play a role in trace metal adsorption on U. lactuca.
Authors:
Johan Schijf; Alina M Ebling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-25     Completed Date:  2010-04-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1644-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, P.O. Box 38, Solomons, Maryland 20688, USA. schijf@cbl.umces.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adsorption
Analysis of Variance
Biodegradation, Environmental
Biomass
Colloids / analysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Kinetics
Osmolar Concentration
Regression Analysis
Trace Elements / analysis
Ulva / growth & development*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Colloids; 0/Trace Elements; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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