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Investigation of the Factors that Contribute to the Onset of Insomnia in Hypertensive Patients by Using a Post-marketing Surveillance Database.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21532263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Many factors contribute to the onset of insomnia. However, few studies have identified the factors related to the onset of insomnia in hypertensive patients. We conducted a pharmacoepidemiologic study to examine the incidence of insomnia in hypertensive patients by using a post-marketing surveillance database. The insomnia onset was defined as the time of first prescription of hypnotics. The insomnia incidence rate in hypertensive patients under antihypertensive therapy was 0.77/100 person-years. The median insomnia onset date was 5 weeks. The insomnia type in 50.2% of the patients was difficulty in initiating sleep. We assessed the factors contributing to insomnia by using a nested case-control design. We selected 10 time-matched controls for every case. The hypotensive effect induced by antihypertensive therapy on the case group was lesser than that on the control group (p<0.01). The odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using multivariate conditional logistic regression. The factors contributing to insomnia onset were α blockers (OR, 2.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-4.98), β blockers (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 0.99-2.39), and calcium channel blockers (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.43-0.90) compared with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; female sex (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.27-2.44); complication of gastric/duodenal disorders (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.14-4.86) or musculoskeletal system/connective tissue disorders (OR, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.23-4.79); and concomitant antihypertensive therapy (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.31-0.63). This study identified the potential factors that may help to predict insomnia onset in hypertensive patients under antihypertensive therapy.
Naoto Tanabe; Toshiharu Fujita; Yosuke Fujii; Takao Orii
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1347-5231     ISO Abbreviation:  Yakugaku Zasshi     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413613     Medline TA:  Yakugaku Zasshi     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  669-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacy, NTT Medical Center Tokyo.
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