Document Detail


Investigating performance and lung function in a hot, humid and ozone-polluted environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20449752     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Large urbanized areas, where sports events take place, have a polluted environment and can also reach high temperatures and humidity levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a hot, humid and ozone-polluted (O(3)) environment on (1) performance of an 8 km time trial run, (2) pulmonary function, and (3) subjective respiratory symptoms in endurance-trained runners. Using crossover randomized design, 10 male participants (mean V(O)₂(max)= 64.4 mlO(2) kg(-1) min(-1), SD = 4.4) took part in a time trial run under four different conditions: 20 degrees C + 50% relative humidity (rh) (Control), 20 degrees C + 50% rh + 0.10 ppm O(3) (Control + O(3)), 31 degrees C + 70% rh (Heat), 31 degrees C + 70% rh + 0.10 ppm O(3) (Heat + O(3)). Heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion and minute ventilation were collected during the run. Lung function was measured pre and post-exercise. The runners completed a respiratory symptoms questionnaire after each trial. The completion time of both the Heat (32 min 35 s) and Heat + O(3) (33 min 09 s) trials were significantly higher (P < 0.0001) when compared to the Control + O(3) (30 min 27 s) and Control (30 min 15 s) trials. There were no significant changes between pre/post lung function measures or between trials. The effective dose of ozone simulated in the present study did not affect the performance and therefore, ozone-pollution, at an environmentally relevant concentration, did not compound the impairment in performance beyond that induced by a hot, humid environment.
Authors:
Elisa Couto Gomes; Vicki Stone; Geraint Florida-James
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-12     Completed Date:  2010-12-13     Revised Date:  2011-01-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  199-205     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biomedicine and Sports Science Research Group, Edinburgh Napier University, Merchiston Campus, 10 Colinton Road, Edinburgh, EH10 5DT, UK. elisacoutogomes@gmail.com
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants / adverse effects*
Cross-Over Studies
Forced Expiratory Volume
Heart Rate
Hot Temperature*
Humans
Humidity*
Male
Maximal Midexpiratory Flow Rate
Ozone / adverse effects*
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate
Perception
Physical Endurance*
Pulmonary Ventilation*
Questionnaires
Respiratory Function Tests
Running*
Vital Capacity
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 10028-15-6/Ozone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparison of post-mortem metabolic changes in sheep brain tissue in isolated heads and whole animal...
Next Document:  The patterns of mutation and amplification of Plasmodium falciparum pfcrt and pfmdr1 genes in Thaila...