Document Detail

Investigating locomotion of dairy cows by use of high speed cinematography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9354302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The longterm influence of management systems on the locomotion of 17 dairy cows was investigated by high speed cinematography (100 frames/s) and kinematic analysis. Angular patterns and hoof trajectories of the left fore- and hindlimbs are presented and statistics made of occurring minimum and maximum angles. At the recording, 3 cows had been kept in tie-stalls (TI) and 6 cows in cubicles (CI) for a consecutive time of about 2.5 years while 8 cows had been kept on grass for about 3 months. Four of the grazing cows had earlier been kept in cubicles (CG) and 4 in tie-stalls (TG) during earlier off grazing seasons together with TI and CI cows. The CI cows had a smaller maximum angle of the elbow joint compared to TI, TG and CG cows. The hock joint angle of the CI cows was less flexed during the stance phase than in TI and CG cows while the minimum angle during the swing phase was greater in the TI and CI cows compared to TG and CG cows. Pastured cows (TG and CG) had a less pronounced flexion of the fetlock joint angle during the stance compared to cows kept indoors (TI and CI). The results suggest that slatted floor and lack of exercise during summer grazing may affect locomotion. This is indicated by restrictions in the movements of the elbow and hock joints and in less fetlock joint flexion at full support.
A H Herlin; S Drevemo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal. Supplement     Volume:  -     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-01-15     Completed Date:  1998-01-15     Revised Date:  2007-05-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614088     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biosystems and Technology, Alnarp.
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MeSH Terms
Cattle / physiology*
Forelimb / physiology
Hindlimb / physiology
Hoof and Claw / physiology
Housing, Animal
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Joints / physiology
Locomotion / physiology*
Time Factors
Video Recording / methods*
Walking / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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