Document Detail


Investigating the effect of nonparticipation using a population-based case-control study on myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15246333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To characterize non-participants in a population-based study on cardiovascular diseases and investigate the effect of non-participation on risk estimates for myocardial infarction. METHODS: Using random digit dialing we obtained full information for 1054 adults (60.8% female), while 345 eligible individuals (72.5% female) declined the invitation to participate, but answered a limited set of questions by telephone. Risk of myocardial infarction was estimated using 474 cases (19.4% females) admitted with a first acute myocardial infarction. RESULTS: Participation proportion was 99.0% for cases and 70.0% for population controls. Population non-participants were older (61.6 vs. 58.5 years, for males, and 62.9 vs. 57.7 years for females) and more frequently women (66.3% vs. 74.7%, p < 0.001); males tended to be non-drinkers and to have had a blood test during the previous year; females were additionally more often non-smokers. Crude and adjusted risk estimates for myocardial infarction were generally similar regardless of considering the information provided by non-participants. CONCLUSIONS: In this South European population, demographic and social characteristics associated with the decision to participate in a community investigation were different from those usually described in Northern European or American populations. However, their characteristics did not influence the direction or the magnitude of myocardial infarction risk estimates.
Authors:
Elisabete Ramos; Carla Lopes; Henrique Barros
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of epidemiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1047-2797     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-12     Completed Date:  2004-11-29     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100013     Medline TA:  Ann Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Bias (Epidemiology)
Case-Control Studies
Family Characteristics
Female
Health Surveys*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology*
Portugal / epidemiology
Refusal to Participate*
Risk Assessment
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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