Document Detail


Investigating ethnic differences in adolescent alcohol use and peer norms using semi-continuous latent growth models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21478496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To investigate whether ethnic differences in vulnerability to peer norms supportive of alcohol use is a viable, partial explanation for the ethnic differences in reported prevalence and amount of alcohol use during high school.
METHODS: Survey data from a sample of 680 adolescents from Project STAR (Students Taught Awareness and Resistance) of the Midwestern Prevention Project were used. Hypotheses were tested using sequential, semi-continuous growth curve models.
RESULTS: Relative to Black adolescents, White adolescents reported greater peer alcohol use during middle school and were much more likely to consume alcohol during high school. General peer norms in seventh grade and middle school growth in alcohol use norms among close friends was predictive of a greater propensity to consume alcohol in ninth grade among White adolescents.
CONCLUSION: Lower peer norms for alcohol use among Black adolescents might better account for differences between Black and White adolescents than the possibility that White adolescents are more vulnerable to peer norms.
Authors:
Scott R Weaver; Jeewon Cheong; David P MacKinnon; Mary Ann Pentz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-04-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1464-3502     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol Alcohol.     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-17     Completed Date:  2012-02-09     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8310684     Medline TA:  Alcohol Alcohol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  620-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA 30302-3995, USA. srweaver@gsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior / ethnology*
African Americans
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  ethnology
Computer Simulation*
Data Collection
Databases, Factual
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Male
Peer Group
Schools
Students
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01 AA133117-01A1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 DA009757/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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