Document Detail

Invasive pneumococcal disease in older adults residing in long-term care facilities and in the community.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14687379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To examine the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in older adults hospitalized for invasive pneumococcal disease who are living in the community and in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in the United States. DESIGN: Analysis of 2402 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease requiring hospitalization in 2000 and 2001 that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Active Bacterial Core Surveillance collected in nine states. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized LTCF residents and community-living older adults in the United States. MEASUREMENTS: Age- and residence-specific pneumococcal disease incidence rates per 100000 persons, case-fatality rates, and trends in antimicrobial resistance. RESULTS: Nationally, the rate of invasive pneumococcal disease in LTCF residents was 194.2 cases per 100000 persons aged 65 and older and 44.6 for community-living older adults (relative risk=4.4, 95% confidence interval (CI)=4.2-4.5). Compared with community-living older adults, case-fatality rates were 1.9 times higher (30.8% vs 16.0%, 95% CI=1.5-2.5). Pneumococcal strains from LTCF residents were significantly more likely to be nonsusceptible to levofloxacin than strains from community- living older adults (5.7% vs 0.4%, P<.001). CONCLUSION: Older adults living in LTCFs are at a higher risk for invasive pneumococcal disease and death than are community-living older adults. Additionally, fluoroquinolone resistance is significantly higher in older adults living in LTCFs and may provide clues to emerging antimicrobial resistance in the general population.
Benjamin A Kupronis; Chesley L Richards; Cynthia G Whitney;
Related Documents :
23458509 - Relations between deterministic and stochastic thresholds for disease extinction in con...
21152709 - Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (pact) for the treatment of malaria, leishmania...
21401739 - Novel therapies for coeliac disease.
23409349 - Echocardiographic surveillance of aortic valve stenosis: towards a standardized approach.
24676479 - Using auxiliary information to improve wildlife disease surveillance when infected anim...
10926399 - Neonatal group b streptococcal disease: how infection control teams can contribute to p...
1756049 - Aortic valve replacement in cogan's syndrome.
21423439 - Biopsable neural tissues: toward new biomarkers for parkinson's disease?
6336929 - Benign mucous membrane pemphigoid in a wife and husband.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0002-8614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-22     Completed Date:  2004-02-09     Revised Date:  2008-03-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1520-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Health Surveys
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Pneumococcal Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology,  mortality*
Residential Facilities
Retrospective Studies
Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification
Survival Rate
United States / epidemiology
Comment In:
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Nov;51(11):1669-70   [PMID:  14687402 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Selected as the best paper in the 1990s: Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: an investigati...
Next Document:  Ertapenem therapy for community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly.