Document Detail

Intrusive memories, post-traumatic stress disorder and myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10590829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To identify the associations between two personality variables (alexithymia, negative affect), social support, awareness of myocardial infarction, and the severity of post-traumatic stress symptoms. DESIGN: A cross sectional design was adopted with simultaneous measures of both dependent and independent variables. METHOD: A random sample of 69 patients who had an MI between 6 and 12 months previously were sent postal questionnaires measuring alexithymia, negative affect, social support, awareness of myocardial infarction, the severity of post-traumatic stress symptoms and a number of demographic details. RESULTS: Forty-four individuals completed and returned all the questionnaires. A 10% prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptoms was found. Regression analyses were conducted to identify independent associates of the dependent variables with and without the inclusion of the measure of negative affect. Alexithymia, age, social support and awareness at the time of having a myocardial infarction, were each strongly predictive of one or all measures of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence supporting the impact of each of the variables on the course of post-traumatic stress disorder was supported in a population of myocardial infarction patients. If these variables were found predictive in a longitudinal study, they would indicate possible risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder in this population.
P Bennett; S Brooke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of clinical psychology / the British Psychological Society     Volume:  38 ( Pt 4)     ISSN:  0144-6657     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-22     Completed Date:  1999-12-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105533     Medline TA:  Br J Clin Psychol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Wales College of Medicine, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / complications,  psychology*
Personality Disorders / psychology
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*

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