Document Detail


Intronic deletion and duplication proximal of the EXT1 gene: A novel causative mechanism for multiple osteochondromas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341036     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is a syndrome in which benign cartilage-capped neoplasms develop at the surface of the long bones. Most cases are caused by exonic changes in EXT1 or EXT2, but 15% are negative for these changes. Here we report for the first time a family of MO patients with germline genomic alterations at the EXT1 locus without detectable mutations or copy number alterations of EXT exonic sequences. Array-CGH showed an 80.7 kb deletion of Intron 1 of EXT1 and a 68.9 kb duplication proximal of EXT1. We identified a breakpoint between the distal end of the duplicated region and a sequence distal of the deleted region in the first intron. This breakpoint was absent in non-affected family members. The configuration of the breakpoint indicates a direct insertion of the duplicated region into the deletion. However, no other breakpoint was found, which suggests a more complex genomic rearrangement has occurred within the duplicated region. Our results reveal intronic deletion and duplication as a new causative mechanism for MO not detected by conventional diagnostic methods. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Cathelijn J F Waaijer; Marcel G T Winter; Christianne M A Reijnders; Daniëlle de Jong; S John Ham; Judith V M G Bovée; Károly Szuhai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Genes, chromosomes & cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-2264     ISO Abbreviation:  Genes Chromosomes Cancer     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007329     Medline TA:  Genes Chromosomes Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden 2300 RC, The Netherlands.
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