Document Detail


Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19543110     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the practice of introducing complementary feeding across Europe. We aim at describing times of solid introduction in healthy infants in 5 European countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2002 and June 2004, 1678 healthy term infants were either breast-fed (BF) for at least 4 months (n = 588) or study formula-fed (FF) (n = 1090) with different protein contents. Three-day-weighed food protocols were obtained at ages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 12 completed months. RESULTS: Solids were introduced earlier in FF infants (median 19 weeks, interquartile range 17-21) than BF infants (median 21 weeks, interquartile range 19-24). Some 37.2% of FF infants and 17.2% of BF infants received solid foods at 4 completed months, which is earlier than recommended in Europe. Solids had been introduced at 7 completed months in 99.3% of FF infants and 97.7% of BF infants, respectively. Belgium had the highest percentage of solids feeding in FF infants at 3 (15.8%) and 4 (55.6%) completed months, and in BF infants at 4 (43%) and 5 (84.8%) completed months. Multiple regression showed low maternal age, low education level, and maternal smoking to predictors an early introduction of solids at 3 and 4 completed months. CONCLUSIONS: Complementary feeding is introduced earlier than recommended in a sizeable number of infants, particularly among FF infants. Country- and population-specific approaches to adequately inform parents should be explored.
Authors:
Sonia Schiess; Veit Grote; Silvia Scaglioni; Veronica Luque; Francoise Martin; Anna Stolarczyk; Fiammetta Vecchi; Berthold Koletzko;
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1536-4801     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-25     Completed Date:  2010-06-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  92-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Metabolic Diseases and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, M?nchen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Bottle Feeding*
Breast Feeding*
Diet Records
Europe
Humans
Infant
Infant Food*
Infant Formula*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
C Carlier / ; P Goyens / ; J Hoyos / ; J-P Langhendries / ; F Martin / ; J-N Van Hees / ; A Xhonneux / ; J Beyer / ; H Demmelmair / ; M Fritsch / ; U Handel / ; I Hannibal / ; S Kreichauf / ; R von Kries / ; I Pawellek / ; S Verwied-Jorky / ; M Giovannini / ; C Agostoni / ; F Confalonieri / ; S Scaglioni / ; S Tedeschi / ; F Vecchi / ; E Verduci / ; R Closa Monasterolo / ; J Escribano Subias / ; G M?ndez-Riera / ; V Luque Moreno / ; J Socha / ; A Dobrza?ska / ; D Gruszfeld / ; P Socha / ; A Stolarczyk / ; R Janas / ; E Pietraszek / ; A Kowalik /

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