Document Detail


Introduced parasites in food webs: new species, shifting structures?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22995896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction of free-living species also results in co-introduction of their parasites. Since recent advances have shown that native parasites dramatically alter food web structure, I evaluate here how introduced parasites might reorganise food webs. Empirical evidence suggests that introduced parasites alter food webs qualitatively through topological changes and quantitatively through shifts in trophic relationships arising from modified host phenotypic traits. I argue that predicting the extent of food web reorganisation is, however, difficult due to underlying ecological and evolutionary processes that could provide contrasting food web outcomes, including enemy release, biotic resistance, and parasite spillover and spillback. Nevertheless, I suggest these food web reorganisations represent a further aspect of human-mediated global change resulting in irreversible consequences across multiple trophic levels.
Authors:
J Robert Britton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in ecology & evolution     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1872-8383     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.)     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-07-10     Revised Date:  2014-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805125     Medline TA:  Trends Ecol Evol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Food Chain*
Host-Parasite Interactions*
Introduced Species*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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