Document Detail


Intrinsic motivation in schizophrenia: relationships to cognitive function, depression, anxiety, and personality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19025225     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The goal of the current project was to assess subjective reports of intrinsic motivation and their relationship to cognitive function, mood, and personality in schizophrenia. The authors used the Motivational Trait Questionnaire to examine 3 components of intrinsic motivation (personal mastery, competitive excellence, motivation related to anxiety). They also examined fluid intelligence, context processing, and working memory, as well as self-reports of mood and personal traits related to motivation. Participants were 66 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 44 healthy controls. Self-reports of personal mastery and competitive excellence did not differ between controls and individuals with schizophrenia, though patients did report significantly higher motivation related to anxiety. Among controls, but not patients, self-reports of intrinsic motivation were strongly related to cognitive performance. In contrast, both controls and patients showed similar strong relationships between self-reports of intrinsic motivation and related measures of mood and personality. These results are not consistent with the hypothesis that motivational deficits in schizophrenia reflect impairments in intrinsic motivation. However, they do suggest that the normal relationship between self-reports of intrinsic motivation and cognitive function is disrupted in schizophrenia.
Authors:
Deanna M Barch; Naomi Yodkovik; Hannah Sypher-Locke; Melissa Hanewinkel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal psychology     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0021-843X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Psychol     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-25     Completed Date:  2009-01-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0034461     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  776-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved).
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. dbarch@artsci.wustl.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety / diagnosis,  psychology
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology
Depression / diagnosis,  psychology
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology
Female
Humans
Individuality
Intelligence
Internal-External Control*
Male
Middle Aged
Motivation*
Neuropsychological Tests
Personality Inventory
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology
Schizophrenia / diagnosis*
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH 066031/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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