Document Detail

Intravesical administration of green tea extract attenuates the inflammatory response of bacterial cystitis - a rat model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24712880     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of intravesical instillation of green tea extract (GTE) on a rat model of bacterial cystitis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro bactericidal properties of GTE were analysed by adding GTE to a suspension of uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC), streaking on MacConkey agar, and incubating overnight. In vivo effects of intravesical instillation of GTE on bacterial cystitis was analysed using a rat model of bacterial cystitis. In all, 42 female Sabra rats weighing 200-260 g were divided into five groups. Parameters measured were bladder weight (percentage of the total rat weight), dipstick urine analysis and histopathological changes in the bladder. Histological changes evaluated were degree of oedema, mixed inflammatory infiltration, urothelial epithelial invasion by neutrophils and reactive atypia.
RESULTS: No in vitro bactericidal activity was detected for GTE. Intravesical instillation of GTE did not cause damage to the rat bladders. Intravesical instillation of GTE attenuated the inflammatory response to UPEC-SR71-induced bacterial cystitis in this rat model.
CONCLUSIONS: Intravesical instillation of GTE attenuated the inflammatory response to UPEC-SR71-induced bacterial cystitis and is a novel approach to the treatment of bacterial cystitis. High concentrations of intravesical GTE did not cause histologically evident damage to the rat bladder. The results of this study are preliminary and further studies will be needed to explore the feasibility of using this approach in humans.
Shilo Rosenberg; Ray Horowitz; Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer; Galina Pizov; Anna Elia; Ofer N Gofrit; Isaac Ginsburg; Dov Pode
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJU international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-410X     ISO Abbreviation:  BJU Int.     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886721     Medline TA:  BJU Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. BJU International © 2013 BJU International.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Yolk-Shell Upconversion Nanocomposites for LRET Sensing of Cysteine/Homocysteine.
Next Document:  Need to address poor numeracy skills in the emergency department environment.