Document Detail

Intravaginal progesterone device and/or temporary weaning on reproductive performance of anestrous crossbred Angus x Nelore cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18440167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effects of treatments with intravaginal progesterone (P4) device and/or 48h temporary weaning (TW) on reproductive performance of postpartum anestrous crossbred AngusxNelore cows, throughout the breeding season (BS). Anestrous cows (n=286; 53+/-5 DPP, body condition score between 2.5 and 3.5, on a 1-5 scale) were assigned randomly to four treatments (2x2 factorial design): (1) Control Group (no treatment; n=73); (2) TW Group (48h TW beginning on day 0 of BS; n=70); (3) P4 Group (Intravaginal P4 device between days -7 and 0 of BS; n=73); and (4) P4+TW Group (Intravaginal P4 device between days -7 and 0 of BS followed by 48h TW; n=70). On day 0 of BS (when P4 devices were removed and TW was initiated), cows had their ovaries evaluated by ultrasonography aiming to evaluate size of the largest follicle. Signs of behavioral estrus were observed twice a day (morning and evening), between days 0 and 25 of BS, and cows observed in estrus were inseminated 12h later. Between days 26 and 80 of BS, cows were submitted to natural service. Pregnancy diagnosis was conducted by transrectal ultrasonography on days 32 and 53 (pregnancies by AI) and 114 (pregnancies by natural service). Rates of detection of estrus during the first 3 days and within 25 days of BS were greater in cows receiving TW (45.0% compared with 9.6% and 50.0% compared with 29.5%, respectively; P<0.01). Conception rate in cows inseminated in the first 3 days of BS was greater in cows treated with P4 (54.8% compared with 11.1%; P<0.01). Combining P4+TW increased pregnancy rate in the first 3 days (Control: 1.4%, TW: 4.3%, P4: 8.2% and P4+TW: 24.3%; P<0.01) and in 25 days of BS (Control: 10.9%, TW: 7.1%, P4: 13.7% and P4+TW: 28.6%; P<0.05). Pregnancy rate at the end of BS did not differ among treatment groups. In conclusion, TW alone increased estrous behavior whereas P4 alone benefited conception. Combining P4 with TW improved pregnancy rate with direct benefits to behavioral estrus and conception.
José Luiz Moraes Vasconcelos; Ocilon Gomes Sá Filho; Gabriela Campos Perez; Aydson Takiguchi Nogueira Silva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-03-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal reproduction science     Volume:  111     ISSN:  1873-2232     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Reprod. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-09     Completed Date:  2009-05-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807205     Medline TA:  Anim Reprod Sci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  302-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Produção Animal, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Intravaginal
Anestrus / drug effects*
Cattle / physiology*
Estrus / physiology
Insemination, Artificial / veterinary
Logistic Models
Postpartum Period
Progesterone / administration & dosage*
Progestins / administration & dosage*
Random Allocation
Reproduction / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Progestins; 57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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