Document Detail


Intrauterine inflammation alters fetal cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics in sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23878364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intrauterine inflammation impairs fetal pulmonary vascular development and increases cerebral metabolic rate in fetal sheep. We hypothesized that these structural and metabolic effects of intrauterine inflammation would be accompanied by reduced fetal pulmonary blood flow and increased cerebral perfusion. Fetal sheep were instrumented at 112 days of gestation (term is 147 days) for measurement of cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics. At 118 days ewes were randomly assigned to receive intra-amniotic lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 20 mg from Escherichia coli; n = 7) or saline (control, 4 ml; n = 6). Fetal haemodynamic data were recorded continually from 1 h before intra-amniotic LPS or saline, until 144 h after. Fetal arterial blood was sampled before, and periodically after, intra-amniotic LPS or saline. End-diastolic and mean pulmonary blood flows were significantly lower than control from 48 and 96 h after LPS exposure, respectively, until the end of the experiment. Carotid blood flow was transiently increased at 96 and 120 h after LPS exposure. Carotid arterial oxygen content was lower than control from 48 h after intra-amniotic LPS. Fetal arterial lactate concentration was higher than control between 4 and 12 h after intra-amniotic LPS. Experimental intrauterine inflammation reduces pulmonary blood flow in fetal sheep, over a time course consistent with impaired pulmonary vascular development. Increased carotid blood flow after LPS administration may reflect an inflammation-induced increase in cerebral metabolic demand.
Authors:
Robert Galinsky; Stuart B Hooper; Graeme R Polglase; Timothy J M Moss
Related Documents :
11414314 - Differential effects of et-1, et-2, and et-3 on pancreatic microcirculation, tissue int...
22670794 - Is the cardiovascular system a therapeutic target for cannabidiol?
15256274 - Effect of central thyrotropin-releasing hormone on pancreatic blood flow in rats.
4033194 - Effect of increased systemic venous pressure on thoracic duct and peripheral lymph flow...
15737154 - Sick building syndrome and perceived indoor environment in relation to energy saving by...
17120144 - Estimation of forward and backward mitral flow using indicator dilution technique: a th...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-07-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  591     ISSN:  1469-7793     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-16     Completed Date:  2014-06-20     Revised Date:  2014-10-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5061-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Carotid Arteries / physiopathology
Cerebrovascular Circulation*
Female
Fetal Development / drug effects
Hemodynamics*
Inflammation / physiopathology
Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
Placental Circulation*
Pregnancy
Pulmonary Circulation*
Sheep
Uterus / physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipopolysaccharides
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Myths and Realities of the Cardiac Vagus.
Next Document:  Activity and distribution of intracellular carbonic anhydrase II and their effects on the transport ...