Document Detail

Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD): acceptability and effectiveness in a tertiary institution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18390056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This was a retrospective study of 2648 clients who accepted intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital between January 1990 and December 1996 and were analyzed for socio-demographic characteristics, side-effects, complications , reasons for discontinuation in relation to duration of use, age and parity. There were 6178 acceptors of family planning methods giving an IUCD's acceptance rate of 42.9%. The mean age and parity of the acceptors were 31.7 +/- 5.7 years and 4 respectively. Most of the clients were married and had formal education. Of the 859 (32.4%) clients who discontinued the use of method to plan for another pregnancy 799 (93%) were in the age range 20-34 years; while 756 (88%) of them were parity one to four. 294 (49%) out of the 600 (22.7%) continuous users already had 5 to 6 children. The continuation rate at the end of one year and two years respectively were 75.1% (1989) and 61.7% (1633). 3.8% (101) discontinued the use of the method because of heavy bleeding. Removal for pelvic inflammatory disease was 1.7% (44); out of which 0.2% (6) discontinued use in the first 3months of insertion. Expulsion rate was 2.5% (65). The first year expulsion rate was 2.1% (55); out of which 43.6% (24) occurred in the first 3months. Unexpected pregnancy occurred in 0.3% (9). In conclusion the IUCD method of family planning was found to be the most commonly chosen, highly effective with a high continuation rate at one year. The side effects and complications were minimal.
A O Aisien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  African journal of medicine and medical sciences     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0309-3913     ISO Abbreviation:  Afr J Med Med Sci     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-08     Completed Date:  2008-06-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801013     Medline TA:  Afr J Med Med Sci     Country:  Nigeria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Contraceptive Agents*
Educational Status
Intrauterine Devices, Copper / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data*
Marital Status
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
Patient Satisfaction
Retrospective Studies
Socioeconomic Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents

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