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Intrapulmonary Shear Stress Enhancement: A New Therapeutic Approach in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22562774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a dysfunctional endothelium disease with increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and poor prognosis. Current therapies are still insufficient. Here we propose a new pulsatile device as a more effective tool for PAH management compared with traditional treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve piglets (10.3 ± 3.8 kg) were given either intrapulmonary pulsatile [P (n = 6)] or nonpulsatile [NP (n = 6)] tadalafil treatment. After median sternotomy and heparin injection (250 IU/kg), both groups underwent aorto-pulmonary surgical shunt for 1 h. During a second 1 h period in group P, a catheter prototype, driven by a small ventilator, was introduced into the pulmonary trunk and pulsated intermittently at 110 bpm irrespective of heart rate (90.6 ± 10.74 bpm). In group NP, tadalafil was given orally (1 mg/kg). RESULTS: Hemodynamics and cardiac output (CO) were significantly (p < 0.05) improved in group P compared with group NP: CO was 0.56 ± 0.0.26 versus 0.54 ± 0.11 (L/min), respectively. Mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) was decreased in group P compared with group NP: PAP was 9.6 ± 2.97 versus 32.2 ± 5.07, respectively. Vascular resistances ( were significantly lower in group P versus group NP: pulmonary resistance was 85 ± 42.12 versus 478 ± 192.91 and systemic resistance was 298.8 ± 172.85 versus 1301 ± 615.79, respectively. Using Western blot analysis, endogenous NO synthase expression in PA segments was nonsignificantly (p > 0.05) greater in group P (0.81 ± 0.78) versus (0.62 ± 0.35) group NP. CONCLUSION: Induced with an appropriate device, intrapulmonary shear stress-mediated endothelial function enhancement provides a more effective nearly physiological therapy for PAH.
Sayed Nour; Gang Dai; Daniel Carbognani; Minze Feng; Daya Yang; Nermine Lila; Juan Carlos Chachques; Guifu Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1971     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003849     Medline TA:  Pediatr Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratory of Biosurgical Research (Alain Carpentier Foundation), Pompidou Hospital, University Paris Descartes, 75015, Paris, France,
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