Document Detail

Intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU): sonographic landmarks and correlation with successful vacuum extraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17063455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Having studied intrapartum translabial ultrasound (ITU) to define easily obtainable sonographic criteria during maternal pushing, we used it dynamically immediately before vacuum extraction to determine its use in predicting successful operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: In a pilot study, maternal and fetal landmarks were determined sonographically during maternal pushing from a mid-sagittal translabial insonation using a curved array transducer in women delivering singleton fetuses in cephalic presentation spontaneously. With this transducer placed infrapubically ('infrapubic plane'), easily obtainable landmarks and signs were: (i) the 'infrapubic line', perpendicular to the long axis of the pubic joint and extending dorsally from its inferior margin in a mid-sagittal plane, (ii) the widest fetal head diameter and its movement with regard to the infrapubic line during pushing, and (iii) the 'head direction' with respect to the long axis of the symphysis. A three-dimensional reconstruction from a computed tomographic (CT) dataset of a normal female pelvis was then used to quantify accurately the spatial relationship between the infrapubic line and the anatomical landmarks. Finally, 20 pregnant women in spontaneous term labor with normal singleton fetuses in cephalic presentation and clinical indication for vacuum extraction were studied by ITU immediately before operative vaginal delivery. RESULTS: CT reconstruction demonstrated the infrapubic line to be 3 cm cranial to the parallel interspinous plane. Eleven of the 20 vacuum deliveries with the 'head-up' sign (head pointing ventrally) and objective descent of the fetal head below the infrapubic line, both noted at the height of pushing, resulted in successful ('simple' or 'moderately difficult') operative delivery. Lack of descent or lack of passage below the infrapubic line and horizontal or downward head direction were poor prognostic signs. CONCLUSIONS: ITU provides objective information on the dynamics of the second stage of labor, head station and head direction. ITU may be used to assess the prognosis for operative vaginal delivery.
W Henrich; J Dudenhausen; I Fuchs; A Kämena; B Tutschek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0960-7692     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-30     Completed Date:  2007-09-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  753-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2006 ISUOG.
Department of Obstetrics, Charité Virchow Clinic, Berlin, and Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Imaging, Three-Dimensional
Labor Presentation
Labor Stage, Second
Obstetric Labor Complications / therapy,  ultrasonography*
Pilot Projects
Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*
Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical / methods*,  statistics & numerical data

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