Document Detail

Intraoperative spinal cord monitoring during the surgical correction of scoliosis due to cerebral palsy and other neuromuscular disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23344681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Patients with neuromuscular scoliosis are at increased risk of neurological deficit post-operatively, but are a difficult population on whom to perform neurophysiological monitoring. We look here at a 7-year sample of our practice in the monitoring of neuromuscular patients.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for 109 patients who underwent correction of neuromuscular scoliosis within our institution between 2005 and 2011.
RESULTS: Of 109 patients who were identified, intraoperative monitoring was attempted in 66 cases. In eight cases (13 %), no reliable monitoring could be achieved and was therefore abandoned. On nine occasions, there was a significant drop in at least one modality intraoperatively. None of these nine suffered any clinically observable neurological deficit post-operatively. Of the 109 patients, 2 had clinically detectable deficits post-operatively, both of whom had undergone normal intraoperative monitoring.
CONCLUSIONS: The two patients with observable deficit had their instrumentation left in situ after discussion with them and/or parents. Spinal cord monitoring in this population is possible but potentially unreliable. Surgeons will need to carefully consider the use of monitoring in their management of this challenging population.
T C Hammett; B Boreham; N A Quraishi; S M H Mehdian
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  22 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-22     Completed Date:  2013-08-27     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S38-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Palsy / complications
Child, Preschool
Monitoring, Intraoperative*
Retrospective Studies
Scoliosis / etiology,  surgery*
Spinal Cord / physiology*
Young Adult

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