Document Detail

Intraoperative map guided operation for atrial fibrillation due to mitral valve disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10735679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine if intraoperative atrial activation mapping facilitates operations for chronic atrial fibrillation associated with mitral valve disease. METHODS: Surgical treatment guided by intraoperative electrophysiologic mapping was performed in 12 patients with chronic atrial fibrillation associated with isolated mitral valve disease. In 10 of 12 patients, regular and repetitive activation (cycle length ranged from 118 to 210 msec) originated in the left atrial appendage and/or orifice of the left pulmonary vein. In the remaining 2 patients, dominant repetitive activation and sporadic complex activation were alternately observed in the left atrium. However, the activation sequence of the right atrium was extremely complex and chaotic. RESULTS: On the basis of intraoperative mapping, surgical procedures, including resection of the left atrial appendage and/or cryoablation of the orifice of the left pulmonary vein, were applied on the breakthrough site of the repetitive activation. No surgical procedure was performed on the right atrium in 11 patients. Ten of 12 patients (83%) have maintained sinus rhythm for 6 to 40 months (average 24.8 months) after operation. CONCLUSIONS: In the majority of the patients with isolated mitral valve disease, the left atrium acts as an electrical driving chamber for chronic atrial fibrillation. Computerized intraoperative mapping should guide surgeons in determining the appropriate surgical procedure for chronic atrial fibrillation.
A Harada; T Konishi; M Fukata; K Higuchi; T Sugimoto; K Sasaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-12     Completed Date:  2000-04-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  446-50; discussion 450-1     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ebina General Higashi Hospital, Ebina-city, Kanagawa, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Atrial Fibrillation / etiology,  surgery*
Chronic Disease
Intraoperative Period
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / complications*
Mitral Valve Stenosis* / complications*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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