Document Detail

Intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound assessment of LIMA-to-LAD anastomoses in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12400823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although techniques for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are continually being refined, angiographic follow-up studies have indicated a higher rate of anastomoses-related stenoses than expected after traditional on-pump CABG. This study was performed to evaluate the use of intraoperative epicardial color Doppler ultrasound to quality-assess left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) anastomoses performed on the beating heart. METHODS: Twenty-four LIMA-to-LAD anastomoses were evaluated with real-time epicardial ultrasound imaging using an ultrasound transducer positioned between the paddles of the stabilizer during off-pump procedures. The length of the anastomosis (D(A)), diameters of LIMA (D(M)), LAD at the toe of the anastomosis (D1), and 5 mm distally to the anastomosis (D2) were measured, and the ratios between these variables were calculated. The flow velocity through the anastomoses was visualized by color Doppler coding, and flow was assessed with transit-time flowmetry. RESULTS: The epicardial color Doppler ultrasound allowed accurate assessment of the anastomoses. Twenty-three (96%) of the primary anastomoses were confirmed as patent. Mean ratios of D1/D2, D(A)/D2, and D(M)/D2 were 0.89 +/- 0.13, 3.01 +/- 1.04 and 1.32 +/- 0.32, respectively. One anastomosis had a stenosis more than 50% detected by color Doppler ultrasound. After surgical revision, transit-time flow increased from 22 to 40 ml/min. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound allowed adequate imaging for quality assessment of LIMA-to-LAD anastomoses performed on the beating heart. One anastomosis was revised due to a technical error detected by epicardial color Doppler imaging. Epicardial ultrasound scanning is a valuable tool for intraoperative assessment of LIMA-to-LAD anastomoses during off-pump coronary surgery.
Rune Haaverstad; Nicola Vitale; Ole Tjomsland; Arve Tromsdal; Hans Torp; Stein O Samstad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-28     Completed Date:  2002-11-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S1390-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
St. Elisabeth Heart Center and Institute of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical
Blood Flow Velocity
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
Coronary Vessels / surgery*,  ultrasonography
Intraoperative Period
Mammary Arteries / surgery*,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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