Document Detail

Intraocular pressure monitoring post intravitreal steroids: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23768920     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The use of intravitreal (IVT) corticosteroids for treatment of posterior segment diseases has increased significantly over the last decade. A commonly recognized complication of IVT steroids is secondary ocular hypertension (OHT) that can occur immediately secondary to direct intraocular volume increase or weeks to months later as a result of increased outflow resistance. We performed a meta-analysis and found 32% (95% confidence interval, 28.2-36.3) of individuals developed OHT following 4 mg IVT triamcinolone, 66% (50.2-78.8) and 79% (72.2-84.5) following 0.59 and 2.1 mg fluocinolone implant, respectively, and 11% (6.4-17.9) and 15% (9.2-24.3) following 0.35 and 0.7 mg dexamethasone implant, respectively. Risk factors included pre-existing glaucoma, higher baseline intraocular pressure (IOP), younger age, OHT following previous injection, uveitis, higher steroid dosage, and fluocinolone implant. Most cases of OHT can be controlled medically; up to 45% following fluocinolone implant require surgery, however. We suggest a protocol to monitor IOP after IVT steroid injection/implantation that includes checking IOP within 30 minutes after injection, followed by 1 week after IVT triamcinolone and 2 weeks after implant insertion, then every 2 weeks for the first month and monthly for up to 6 months after IVT triamcinolone and dexamethasone implantation and 9 months after fluocinolone implantation.
Weerawat Kiddee; Graham E Trope; Lisa Sheng; Laura Beltran-Agullo; Michael Smith; M Hermina Strungaru; Jasrajbir Baath; Yvonne M Buys
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Survey of ophthalmology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1879-3304     ISO Abbreviation:  Surv Ophthalmol     Publication Date:    2013 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404551     Medline TA:  Surv Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-310     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkhla, Thailand.
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