Document Detail

Intraocular gnathostomiasis: report of a case and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22492146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intraocular gnathostomiasis is a rare parasitic infection caused by the third-stage larvae of spiruroid nematode Gnanthostoma spp. seen mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. It is a food-borne zoonosis caused by ingestion of raw or undercooked freshwater fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, all of which are known to harbor advanced third-stage larvae of Gnanthostoma spp. To date, 74 cases of intraocular gnathostomiasis have been reported from 12 different countries. Only four countries have reported more than 10 cases each, and India shares the rare distinction of being one of them, with 14 cases. Surprisingly, not a single case of cutaneous gnanthostomiasis has ever been reported from India. We present one such case of intraocular gnathostomiasis in a 41-year-old male who presented with an actively motile worm attached to the iris, and we review the pertinent literature of all such cases reported from India.
Gopal S Pillai; Anil Kumar; Natasha Radhakrishnan; Jayasree Maniyelil; Tufela Shafi; Kavitha R Dinesh; Shamsul Karim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-11     Completed Date:  2012-05-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  620-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekara, Kochi, Kerala, India.
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MeSH Terms
Albendazole / therapeutic use
Eye Infections, Parasitic / diagnosis*,  drug therapy*,  epidemiology,  parasitology
Fishes / parasitology
Food Contamination
Food Parasitology
Foodborne Diseases / parasitology
Fresh Water
Gnathostoma / isolation & purification,  pathogenicity
Gnathostomiasis / diagnosis*,  drug therapy*,  epidemiology,  parasitology
India / epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Zoonoses / epidemiology,  parasitology
Reg. No./Substance:

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